Sewage Treatment Plant for Industries

Sewage Treatment Plants

Leading Manufacturer of below ground waste water treatment, prefabricated sewage treatment plant, sewage treatment plant, sewage treatment plant for hotel, sewage treatment plant for school and sewage treatment plant for residential from Ahmedabad.

Wastewater Treatment Plants, Water Softening Plant & Sewage Treatment Equipment Manufacturer offered by Shubham Inc. from Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

Leading Manufacturer of modular- stp with mbbr, pre fabricated sewage treatment plant, underground sewage treatment plant, sewage treatment, below ground sewage treatment plant and conventional sewage treatment plant from Ahmedabad Gujarat India.

There are areas within the cities, towns and villages that are impossible to cover under centralized wastewater treatment system, to offer perfect solution for the same, Shubham steps in this field. Shubham  sewage treatment plant type wastewater treatment system is compact, effective and economical for wastewater treatment in decentralized manner.  We offer a broad spectrum of packaged sewage treatment systems to handle domestic and industrial sewage originating from industrial residences, large commercial complexes, small and medium industries.

Standard modules facilitate a shorter delivery period. The completely pre engineered units require very less civil works and can be erected and commissioned in a short time span. The pre fabricated units are independent of site location (i.e.) in places where there is space constraint or cost of space is very high, these units can be located either on the top of the building, structures or in the basement.

Working Principle /Process/operation:
The packaged units work on a media based biological degradation. The specifically developed media made from UV stabilized and chemically resistant propylene offers an ideal condition for growth of microorganisms to degrade the incoming organic contaminants. The use of media also reduces the aeration tank sizes substantially thereby reducing the footprint of Sewage Treatment plant. The process air required is provided by means of twin lobe type air blower which transfers air through rugged EPDM diffusers. The media also substantially reduces the sludge generation from these units.

MOVING BED BIOFILM REACTOR (MBBR) TECHNOLOGY

Supplier of Bio-Accelerator 3600™ modular Sewage Treatment plant from Ahmedabad Gujarat India

Moving Bed Biofilm Reactor (MBBR) processes improve reliability, simplify operation, and require less space than traditional wastewater treatment systems.
MBBR technology employs thousands of polyethylene biofilm carriers operating in mixed motion within an aerated wastewater treatment basin. Each individual biocarrier increases productivity through providing protected surface area to support the growth of heterotrophic and autotrophic bacteria within its cells. It is this high-density population of bacteria that achieves high-rate biodegradation within the system, while also offering process reliability and ease of operation.
This technology provides cost-effective treatment with minimal maintenance since MBBR processes self-maintain an optimum level of productive biofilm. Additionally, the biofilm attached to the mobile biocarriers within the system automatically responds to load fluctuations.

Advantages of  Sewage Treatment Plant

  • Small Footprint
  • Cost effective plant upgrades
  • Modular preconstructed systems
  • Durable UV resistant HDPE biofilm carriers.
  • Cold climate nitrification/denitrification
  • Minimal solids and sludge generation
  • Expandable and flexible designs
  • Straight Forward Process treatment and fully / semi automatic controls.
  • Continuous flow.
  • Suitable for both Industrial and Institution Domestic Wastewater.
  • Standard Modular Steel Construction allows for ease of installation as well as process and flow upgrades.
  • Internals & ancillary equipment only can be supplied for installation in pre-constructed concrete basin.
  • Applicable treatment for Water reuse in irrigation and grey water applications.
  • Minimum Operator attendance required.
  • Minimum maintenance requirements.

Applications:

  • Packaged Sewage Treatment Plants are ideal for the following applications:
  • Residential Colonies
  • Commercial Complexes
  • Software Parks
  • Hotels & Restaurants
  • Resorts & Amusement Parks
  • Small And Medium Industries

Shubham inc, manufacturer,exporter,trader,supplier of all type of sewage treatment plants, effluent treatment plants, India best quality sewage treatment plants manufacturers from Ahmedabad, send requirement detail of sewage treatment plants, effluent treatment plants etc.

We are manufacturer and supplier of water treatment plant. Sewage treatment plant, wastewater treatment plant, pressure sand filter. Reverse osmosis plant, activated carbon filter, swimming pool filter, package stp, underground sewage treatment plant, side stream sand filter, multi grade sand filter, dual media filter, mbbr, saff, pac chemical, alum, non ferric alum, ferric alum, poly aluminium chloride, we also take turnkey contract of water and sewage treatment plant.

Contact Shubham INC. Representative for further details on info@shubhamindia.com visit : – www.shubhamindia.com

Wastewater Treatment Plant With Attached Bio-growth

Wastewater Treatment Plants

Shubham Inc providing you the best range of wastewater treatment plant with attached bio-growth, wastewater treatment plants, under ground wastewater treatment plant, moving bed bioreactor, frp sewage treatment plant and moving bed bio reactor mbbr with effective & timely delivery.

Wastewater Treatment Plant With Attached Bio-growth

 

Wastewater Treatment Plant With Attached Bio-growth

Renowned among the best in the industry, we indulge us in manufacturing and supplies of an amazing range of  Wastewater Treatment Plant With Attached Bio-growth under our Wastewater Treatment Plant gamut. These Machines as manufactured using latest technology are imparted with assured durability.The factory fitted and tested system along with semi / Automatic control panel includes full process Monitoring and data logging functions. Full telemetry including remote control is available as an option.

The Bio-Accelerator 3600 is designed to require minimal operator supervision making it ideal for installation in remote locations.Priced very competitively, the quality of these machines proves a delight to our clients.

TREATMENT PROCESS

  • Bio-Accelerator 3600™ Modular sewage treatment plant is a fully/Semi Automated wastewater treatment system incorporating the following process stages:
  • Inlet screening
  • Primary / Anoxic tank – DE nitrification (Optional)
  • Aeration Tank with UV resistance bio media.
  • Secondary Settling Tank with PP tube media.
  • Chlorine Contact tank
  • RAS and sludge removal
  • Tertiary Treatment for polishing

WORKING PRINCIPLE

The heart of the Bio-Accelerator 3600™ is design of aeration tank and bio-media as it removes organic impurities through a biological process. The biological process involves growing millions of bacteria that eat up organic impurities. Thousands of Virgin PP media pieces provide larger surface area for quick bacterial growth. Bacteria get attached to the surface of media-piece sand gets detached after attaining mass and age, giving room to other bacteria to grow at the surface of the media.
Continuous and right supply of air through Diffusers provides mobility to the media and the sewage, for accelerated biological growth of bacteria and provides vital oxygen for bacterial growth.

The Accelerator 360o™ technology ensures that Food and Mass Ratio is continuously maintained uninterruptedly throughout the process for desired level of Mixed Liquor Suspended Solids (MLSS) which is critical for subsequent processes.

The mixed-liquor largely free of organic impurities, with controlled levels of BOD and COD, overflows to the next chamber for settling and filtration process.

Benefits

  • Small footprints reduce land use.
  • Expandable and flexible designs
  • Completely above ground installation.
  • Easy to Transport, relocate, install & Expand.
  • High removal efficiency for nitrogen, BOD & COD,
  • Treated Water reuse in irrigation and grey water applications.
  • Minimum maintenance requirements.
  • Full technical, installation and operation support from trained and experienced Shubham Team.
  • Proven Technology with reliable performance.
  • Reuse of Wastewater in gardening application.

Typical Applications:

  • Packaged Sewage Treatment Plants are ideal for the following applications:
  • Housing Project.
  • Schools & hostels.
  • Industrial Office &Parks.
  • Recreational camps & travels trailer parks.
  • Shopping Centres.
  • Restaurants.
  • Resorts, Golf Courses and country clubs.
  • Hospitals
Shubham Inc, A Water and Waste Water Management Company

A-305, ShivalikYash 132 Ft. Ring Road, Shastri Nagar BRTS,Naranpura
Ahmedabad,
Gujarat, India
380009

Phone: +917940086151
Phone: +917940086154
Email : info@shubhamindia.com website : www.shubhamindia.com

Surat | Baroda | Rajkot | Delhi | Mumbai | Pune | Indore | Udaipur |

Sewage treatment plants & Effluent treatment plants |Shubham India

Manufacturer and supplier of Sewage treatment Plants & Effluent treatment Plants

SHUBHAM INC. Manufacturer,exporter,trader,supplier of all type of sewage treatment plants, effluent treatment plants, A best quality sewage treatment plants manufacturers from India Gujarat Ahmedabad, send requirement detail of sewage treatment plants, effluent treatment plants etc.

shubham Inc - Waste Water Treatmnet Comapny in Ahmedabad

Sewage Treatment Plant

Increasing scarcity of fresh water and environmental concerns drives wastewater reuse; more and more buildings are setting up sewage treatment plants for their needs.The green building movement also places an allowance on water conservation and recycling, along with energy savings.

Sewage is generated by institution and commercial establishments. It includes household waste liquid from toilets, baths, showers, kitchens, sinks and so forth that is disposed of via sewers.The objective of sewage treatment is to produce a disposable effluent which can be used for various applications from gardening to toilet flushing to car & floor washing and reduce the fresh water consumptions in building and institutions & sewage treatment plant ahmedabad.

At Shubham we provide sewage treatment plant ahmedabad, we understand these trends and work closely with our customers to meet their current and future needs.

Sewage treatment Plant is the process of removing contaminants from wastewater, including household sewage and runoff. It includes physical, chemical, and biological processes to remove physical, chemical and biological contaminants. Its objective is to produce an environmentally safe fluid waste stream and a solid waste suitable for disposal or reuse. With suitable technology, it is possible to re-use sewage effluent for drinking water, although this is usually only done in places with limited water supplies such as Ahmedabad Gujarat, India.

With Shubham INC. engineering expertise, profound design and construction capabilities we deliver the capability to Design, Construct, Install & commission plants of almost all capacities & technologies. It provides total wastewater treatment solutions to commercial institutions like Hotels, Hospitals, Shopping malls, IT Parks, Residential and other commercial complexes and sewage treatment plant ahmedabad.

1] Above Ground Sewage Treatment Plant – Onsite
2] Under Ground Sewage Treatment Plant – Onsite
3] Modular Sewage Treatment Plant – Prefabricated

Effluent Treatment Plant

The Effluent Treatment Plant [ETP] plant is designed to treat the effluent coming from various areas of the plant. The treatment of different effluents varies with the type of effluent. Industrial wastewater contains a diversity of impurities and therefore for this reason alone, its treatment establishes a special task. Shubham Inc. offers   comprehensive range of Effluent Treatment Plants that is highly effective.

Industries during the manufacturing process generates huge quantity of high toxic effluents which yield very high BOD, COD, TS and TDS level with collared and odour in effluent.

Based on the above mentioned fact, SHUBHAM has developed a next generation Effluent Treatment plant by which it will be possible to overcome all the environmental problems. The concept and the treatment is based on the belief that the entire biological and chemical requirement should go down and the coming out should not be polluted.

For reducing the BOD, COD, colour, nitrogen and toxic level of the effluent, SHUBHAM is offering a various solutions from ASP (Activated Sludge Process) to advance Membrane technologies as per treated water uses.

SHUBHAM has also developed and offering a ZLD (Zero Liquid Discharge) system to recycle treated water for utility and process applications.

We provide innovative and economical systems for waste with expertise is advantageously employed for the technical and economic optimization of every subsequent facility.

SHUBHAM INC use the best-in-class technology and cutting-edge tools to foster high-quality, sustainable, community-level water supply sewage treatment plant and Effluent Treatment Plant projects in Gujarat, India across the Ahmadabad.

Treatment requirement

  • Oil & grease Separation
  • Neutralization of Acids and Alkali
  • Removal of Suspended Solids
  • Reduction & Removal of metallic impurities
  • Reduction of high organic content: BOD, COD, P, TKN, etc.
  • Dissolve impurities for ZLD system.

Treatment Methods

  • Primary clarifications
  • Biological process
  • Secondary clarifications.
  • Tertiary treatment
  • Polishing units i.e. UF, RO and DM (Optional for recycling or ZLD)

Application

  • Textile Industries
  • Distilleries
  • Pharma Industries.
  • Chemical Industries
  • Paper Industries
  • Tannery Industries
  • Dye & Dye Intermediaries
  • Edible Oil Refineries
  • Electroplating Industries

We are manufacturer and supplier of water treatment plant. Sewage treatment plant, wastewater treatment plant, pressure sand filter. Reverse osmosis plant, activated carbon filter, swimming pool filter, package stp, underground sewage treatment plant, side stream sand filter, multi grade sand filter, dual media filter, mbbr, saff, pac chemical, alum, non ferric alum, ferric alum, poly aluminium chloride, we also take turnkey contract of water and sewage treatment plant.

Contact Shubham INC. Representative for further details on info@shubhamindia.com visit : – www.shubhamindia.com

Industrial ▸ Boiler Feed Water Treatment ▸ Shubham Inc

Boiler Feed Water Treatment

Boiler Feed Water Treatment

The purpose of boiler water treatment is to protect the boiler and steam generation system against corrosion and scale formation and help to maintain steam purity and quality.

Boiler Feed Water Treatment - Shubham india

Preventing Boiler Scale Formation

Boiler scale control

Boiler scale is caused by the formation of insoluble salts of calcium and magnesium at high temperature. These form a rock-like coating on the boiler tubes which severely reduces the heat transfer.

This is highly undesirable, not only because it greatly reduces the efficiency of the boiler, but also causes the boiler tubes to overheat, so that in an extreme situation they can rupture with very hazardous consequences.

Scale formation is prevented by firstly removing as much hardness from the make-up water as possible (normally with a boiler water softener), and then secondly by dosing boiler water chemicals such as alkalinity builders, phosphate treatments and polymer sludge conditioners. These boiler treatment chemicals ensure that any hardness slippage is converted into a mobile sludge which can be removed by steam boiler blowdown and so doesn’t form boiler scale.

For applications of Boilers, we at Shubham Provides the most comprehensive, cost-effective and reliable systems

Shubham Inc. is the leading water and waste water management company providing the most comprehensive water and waste water treatment systems and services for industrial, institutional and municipal customers. We are a reputed manufacturer, exporter, importer, supplier and trader of an exhaustive range of Water and Waste Water Treatment Products and Services such as Filtration Systems, Water Softening Systems, Sewage Treatment Plant, Water Treatment Plant, WTP, Well Water Treatment, River Water Treatment Plants industrial RO Plant , etc.

shubham inc use the best-in-class technology and cutting-edge tools to foster high-quality, sustainable, community-level water supply sewage – Effluent treatment plant and industrial ro plant projects in gujarat, india across the ahmedabad, surat, rajkot and baroda.

shubham inc is a leading manufacturer of effluent Treatment Plants for the industrial, Government and Municipal . With a decade old experience, shubham inc has successfully executed over 1000 installations in industries, Government, hotels, and Municipal becoming a preferred supplier of Sewage Treatment Plants and Zero Liquid Discharge Plant and Effluent Treatment Plant.

SHUBHAM INC. Manufacturer,exporter,trader,supplier of all type of sewage treatment plants, effluent treatment plants, India best quality sewage treatment plants manufacturers from Ahmedabad, send requirement detail of sewage treatment plants, effluent treatment plants etc.

Contact Shubham INC. Representative for further details on info@shubhamindia.com visit : – www.shubhamindia.com

About to Water and Wastewater Treatment Processes – Shubham India

Effluent Treatment Plant

Introduction to Water and Wastewater Treatment Processes

Water Treatment

Pure water (H20) is colorless, tasteless, and odorless. It is composed of hydrogen and oxygen. Because water becomes contaminated by the substances with which it comes into contact, it is not available for use in its pure state. To some degree, water can dissolve every naturally occurring substance on the earth. Because of this property, water has been termed a “universal solvent.” Although beneficial to mankind, the solvency power of water can pose a major threat to industrial equipment. Corrosion reactions cause the slow dissolution of metals by water. Deposition reactions, which produce scale on heat transfer surfaces, represent a change in the solvency power of water as its temperature is varied. The control of corrosion and scale is a major focus of water treatment technology.

Water Treatment Plant In Ahmedabad

Waste Water Treatment

Water treatment is an important industry requirement and comes under 4 main branches which include boiler water treatment, cooling water treatment, water purification and the treatment of wastewater effluent. It is considered that these cover the majority of Water treatment processes across the globe. water treatment can be hugely beneficial to your business not least because it can save you tens of thousands of Rupees per year in operating costs but because of reduced maintenance it can also increase efficiency and output. It is an industry which can quickly pay for itself and give back in spades. In addition to the financial benefits it is also important to remember operating efficiently and safely of your employees is too, efficiency and safety come hand in hand.

Sewage treatment Plant  is the process of removing contaminants from wastewater, primarily from household sewage. It includes physical, chemical, and biological processes to remove these contaminants and produce environmentally safe treated wastewater (or treated effluent).

Impurities in water and their sanitary significance

3.1 Physical impurities:

  • (Colour: Yellowish thing indicates the presence of chromium and appreciable amount of organic matter. Yellowish red colour indicates the presence of iron, while red brown colour indicates the presence of peaty matter.
  • Turbidity: It is due to the colloidal ,extermely fine suspension such as clay, slit,finely divided matters(organic and inorganic) micro organisms like plankton etc.
  • Taste: It is due to the prsence of dissloved mineral in water produces taste, but not odour.

Bitter taste can be due to the prsence of iron, alumminium, maganese, sulphate or excess of lime.Soapy taste can be due to the presence of large amount of sodium bi carbonate.Brackish taste is due to the presence of unusual amount of salts.Polatable Taste is due to the presence of dissolved gases and minerals like nitrates in water.

  • Odour: It is in water due to undesirable for domestic as well as industrial purposes.

3.2 Chemical impurities in water:

  • Acidity: It is not any specific pollutant and it simply determines the power to neutralise hydroxyl ions and is, usually expressed in terms of ppm( or mg/L) of calcium carbonate equivalent.Surface waters and ground waters attain acidity from industrial wastes like acid, mine, drainage, pickling liquors etc.
  • Gases: All natural waters contain dissolved atmosphere Co2. Its solubility depends upon temperature, pressure and dissolved mineral content of water.

On the other hand dissolved oxygen in water is essential to the life of aquatic organisms such as fishes. Polluted waters and sewages contains nitrogen in the form of nitrogenous organic compounds and urea, which are partially converted in to NH3.

3.3 biological Impurities

Bacteria, fungi and algae are found in most surface waters. Bacteria are measured by culturing a sample and counting the colony forming units per milliliter (CFU/ml). City water treatment facilities commonly add chlorine to kill microorganisms. This chlorine is removed in the first step of most water purification systems which allows bacteria to multiply in the system. Distillation effectively kills microorganisms, reverse osmosis removes them and UV light can control their growth. All ultrapure water systems must have a 0.2 micron or smaller absolute filter on the outlet to prevent bacteria from contaminating the ultrapure product water. In addition, all water pathways in the system should be regularly sanitized.

Gaseous Impurities

CO2 dissolves in water to form weakly acidic carbonic acid (H2CO3). This gas can be measured with a conductivity/resistivity meter. CO2 is only removed by strong base anion exchange resins. Oxygen is the most common non-ionized gas and is monitored with oxygen sensing electrodes. Oxygen may cause corrosion of metal surfaces and is removed by anion exchange resins in the sulfide form.

Name the factors that affect water quality

4.1 Boiler Water Treatment

Boiler water treatment is a popular treatment process in industrial plants because of the problem caused by scale formation and corrosion within the system which comes with stream. This at best can cause increased energy costs and a much decreased level of efficiency and a shorter plant life. At worst this can lead to a catastrophic failure with the damage of machinery and more seriously injury and loss of life. Boilers have to work with incredible pressures as water heated in to steam expands in volume over 1000 times and has to travel down narrow steam pipes at over 100 kilometres an hour. Water treatment is an important aspect in making sure this process is kept safe and efficient.

4.1..1 Low pressure Boiler Water Treatment

Lower pressure Boiler & its Use

In a low-pressure boiler the pressure does not exceed 15 psi, and hot water heating boilers are not designed to exceed over 260 psig. The temperature in a low-pressure boiler will not rise above 250 degrees F. Because these types of boilers operate at lower pressures, they don’t need to be monitored regularly and only have to be checked when the appliance begins to break down.

Low-pressure boilers are often used in buildings and designed to heat rooms through radiators. Types of buildings may include restaurants, hospitals, office buildings and schools. The boilers are able to heat the water used in bathrooms and use steam to heat the different rooms throughout the building, allowing them to become warm.

4.1.2 High pressure Boiler Water Treatment

High-Pressure Boiler Definition

High-pressure boilers will heat steam above 15 psi and water at pressures that exceed 160 psig. Temperatures in high-pressure boilers will exceed 250 degrees F. Because of the elevated pressure at which these boilers operate, they need to be monitored to ensure safety at all times. High-pressure boiler operators must inspect switches, valves, safety devices and leaks on a regular basis. Any malfunctions need to be fixed immediately to prevent further damage from occurring.

High-Pressure Boiler Uses

High-pressure boilers are used in industries and designed to generate the steam found in power plants, dry cleaners and laundromats. These boilers were also used in locomotive steam engines to give them the necessary power to run. Individuals who maintain these boilers need to follow certain precautions to avoid burns, shocks and other hazardous conditions.

Boiler Water Treatment

The treatment and conditioning of boiler feed water must satisfy three main objectives:

Continuous heat exchange
Corrosion protection
Production of high quality steam
The primary function of a boiler water treatment program is to keep heat transfer surfaces (stream generating and associated tubes) free from scale and deposition. The second requirement is corrosion inhibition. Boiler deposits are problematical, as they typically contain undesirable levels of metal oxides, mineral scale, sludge, or various combinations.

The components of boiler tube deposits and the mechanisms by which they form are varied and can be complex. Corrosion generally occurs because of excessive levels of dissolved oxygen but can also develop under tube deposits. Deposits and corrosion can lead to boiler tube failures that result in costly repairs and downtime. Boiler systems require effective chemical treatment, accurate monitoring and control

External treatment is the reduction or removal of impurities from water outside the boiler. In general, external treatment is used when the amount of one or more of the feed water impurities is too high to be tolerated by the boiler system in question. There are many types of external treatment (softening, evaporation, deaeration, membrane contractors etc.) which can be used to tailor make feed-water for a particular system. Internal treatment is the conditioning of impurities within the boiler system. The reactions occur either in the feed lines or in the boiler proper. Internal treatment may be used alone or in conjunction with external treatment. Its purpose is to properly react with feed water hardness, condition sludge, scavenge oxygen and prevent boiler water foaming.

The water treatment facilities purify and deaerate make-up water or feed water. Water is sometimes pretreated by evaporation to produce relatively pure vapor, which is then condensed and used for boiler feed purposes. Evaporators are of several different types, the simplest being a tank of water through which steam coils are passed to heat the water to the boiling point. Sometimes to increase the efficiency the vapor from the first tank is passed through coils in a second tank of water to produce additional heating and evaporation. Evaporators are suitable where steam as a source of heat is readily available. They have particular advantages over demineralization, for example, when the dissolved solids in the raw water are very high.

4.2 Cooing Tower Water Treatment

Cooling water systems are an integral part of process operations in many industries. For continuous plant productivity, these systems require proper chemical treatment and preventive maintenance.

Most industrial production processes need cooling water for efficient, proper operation. Refineries, steel mills, petrochemical plants, manufacturing facilities, food plants, large buildings, chemical processing plants, and electric utilities all rely on the cooling water system to do its job. Cooling water systems control temperatures and pressures by transferring heat from hot process fluids into the cooling water, which carries the heat away. As this happens, the cooling water heats up and must be either cooled before it can be used again or replaced with fresh makeup water. The total value of the production process will be sustained only if the cooling system can maintain the proper process temperature and pressure. The cooling system design, effectiveness and efficiency depends on the type of process being cooled, the characteristics of the water and environmental considerations.

4.3 Pharmaceutical Water Treatment (High Purity)

  4.3.1    Water For Injection (EFI)

4.3.2    Water For other process.

Pharmaceutical water treatment requires removing contaminents from municipal drinking water to meet USP standards. There are two basic types of pharmaceutical water; water for topical use or cleaning (sterle purified water, or PW), or water for injection(WFI) which includes sterile water for irrigation and most sterile water for inhalation.

For PW, USP guidelines require a conductivity limit of 0.6–4.7 µS/cm, a total organic carbon or total oxidizable carbon (TOC) limit of 500 ppb (µg/L), and a bacteria-count limit of 100 cfu/mL.

For WFI, the USP guidelines require a conductivity limit of 0.6–4.7 µS/cm, a TOC limit of 500 ppb (µg/L), an endotoxin limit of 0.25 end toxin units/mL and a bacteria-count limit of 10 cfu/100 mL.

The main difference between PW and WFI is the amount of bacterial contamination allowed, measured by colony count and by endotoxin level.

Every water treatment plant is unique, but may include a combination of these methods:

Multimedia filtration: Multimedia filters are designed to remove the bulk of suspended contaminants whose size exceeds 10–30 µm.

Activated carbon (AC): AC beds, also known as activated carbon filters, most commonly are used to remove chlorine and chloramine compounds from feed water. This filtration process protects downstream equipment such as RO membranes and IX resin beads from the damaging oxidizing action of chlorine and chloramine compounds.
Ion Exchange (IX) units: IX technology exchanges undesirable feed water cations and anions with desirable cations and anions. Cations are positively charged atoms and molecules. Anions are negatively charged atoms and molecules. Cation IX units exchange undesirable feed water cations such as calcium, magnesium, lead, and copper with desirable hydrogen ions. Anion IX units exchange undesirable feed water anions such as chloride, sulfate, phosphate, and nitrate with desirable hydroxide ions. The resulting hydrogen and hydroxide ions then combine to form water.
Distillation: Distillation units heat the feed water to its boiling point. Most dissolved and suspended contaminants remain in the water phase. The steam that is produced is condensed and typically meets WFI and PW standards.

Reverse Osmosis (RO) water treatment: RO water treatment has become the standard at many pharmaceutical water treatment plants. RO technology can be a costeffective replacement for dual cation and anion IX units. RO systems reduce the need to use costly chemicals, especially those that are caustic, and they curtail the ever-increasing cost of regeneration waste disposal. The payback that results from using an RO system can be achieved in less than two years in some situations. An RO membrane system can remove as much as 98–99% or more of all dissolved contaminants and can remove essentially all suspended (particulate) contaminants. However, RO units require pretreatment to prevent scaling, fouling with living and nonliving particulate materials, and chemical attack, commonly by oxidizing agents.

Softening: A softener is a type of IX technology that controls scaling in downstream equipment. A softener controls scaling by removing hard scale–forming cations such as calcium and magnesium and exchanging (i.e., replacing) these ions for nonscale- forming sodium ions. An older term, sodium zeolite softening, frequently is used to describe water softening.
Cartridge filtration: Cartridge filtration or other prefiltration technology is used ahead of RO units to protect against fouling from suspended particles in the feed water. RO membrane systems may become fouled if sufficient suspended solids (particulate) removal is not accomplished. Typically, 1–5-µm nominally rated filter cartridges are used.
Mixed-bed IX units usually are positioned after an RO subsystem. The effluent from a mixed-bed IX unit meets USP conductivity limits for PW and WFI.
UV irradiation may be used for bacterial control.
Electrodeionization (EDI): EDI units in many cases can cost-effectively replace mixed-bed IX units. The resin beads in EDI units do not require chemical regeneration by acid and caustic. EDI units are continuously regenerated electrically.

shubham inc is a leading manufacturer of Sewage Treatment Plants for the industrial, Government and Municipal . With a decade old experience, shubham inc has successfully executed over 1000 installations in industries, Government, hotels, and Municipal becoming a preferred supplier of Sewage Treatment Plants and Zero Liquid Discharge Plant and Effluent Treatment Plant.

SHUBHAM INC. Manufacturer,exporter,trader,supplier of all type of sewage treatment plants, effluent treatment plants, India best quality sewage treatment plants manufacturers from Ahmedabad, send requirement detail of sewage treatment plants, effluent treatment plants etc.

Contact Shubham INC. Representative for further details on info@shubhamindia.com visit : – www.shubhamindia.com